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Glossary

Our searchable glossary makes it easy to lookup the medical terms you may not be familair with. You can search for a particlar word by typing it into the search field. Or you can browse our glossary by clicking on a letter above.


Achalasia
failure of a ring of muscle (as a sphincter) to relax. As of the esophagus.
Adenoma
a non cancerous tumor of a glandular structure or of a glandular origin
Barretts Esophagus
abnormal replacement of the cells of the lower esophagus as a result of chronic gastroesophageal reflux.
Benign
of a mild type or character that does not threaten health or like
Biopsy
the removal and examination of tissue, cells, or fluids from the body
Cholelithiasis
production of gallstones
Colon
the part of the large intestine that extends from the cecum to the rectum
Colostomy
connecting the colon to an opening in the abdominal wall (wearing of a colostomy bag)
Cystic
relating to, composed of, or containing cysts (tissue or tumor)
Diastasis recti
Not a true hernia. It is a seperation or the rectus muscle bellies,but the strong connective tissue(fascia) is still intact.More of a cosmetic issue.
Diverticulitis
inflammation of a diverticulum
Diverticulosis
an intestinal disorder characterized by the presence of many diverticula
Diverticulum
an abnormal pouch or sac of the intestine
Dysphagia
difficulty swallowing
Epigastrium
the epigastric region (lying upon or over the stomach)
Esophagitis
inflammation of the esophagus
Flatulence
the state of being flatulent (marked by or affected with gases generated in the stomach or intestine
Fundoplication
surgical plication (folding of one part unto another and suturing) the bottom of the stomach around the lower end of the esophagus as a treatment for the reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus
GERD
gastroesophageal reflux disease
Hiatus
a gap or passage through an anatomical part, a gap through which another part or organ passes
Homeostatis
the maintenance of relatively stable internal physiological condition (such as body temperature)
Hyperplasia
an abnormal or unusual increase in cells composing a tissue
Hypertonic
exhibiting excessive tone or tension
Inguinal hernia
A weakness or true hole located in the groin
Lumpectomy
excision of a breast tumor with a limited amount of associated tissue
Malignant
cancerous in nature, an abnormal state
Mastectomy
excision of the breast and associated tissue
Metastasis
transfer of a disease producing agency (as cancer cells) from the original site to another part of the body with development of similar lesion in new location
Metastasize
to spread by metastasis
Morbidity
the incidence of disease, the rate of sickness
Postprandial
occurring after a meal
Regurgitation
swallowed food moving back into the esophagus or mouth from the stomach
Satiety
the state of being fed beyond capacity (the feeling of filling the stomach quickly)
Sessile
attached directly by a broad base (Flat)
Sphincter
a ring of muscle that is able to contract or close a bodily opening
Ventral Hernia
A hole or defect in the anterior abdominal wall
Xenograft
Tissue taken from one species and transplanted to a different species.

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